Can You Drive Out of State With a Permit?

Understanding Laws about Learner’s Permits and Provisional Licenses

Can you drive out of state with a permit? Whether you can drive with a learner’s permit outside your home state depends on the regulations of the state you plan to visit. Some states recognize out-of-state learner’s permits, while others may have restrictions or not accept them.

It’s essential to check the driving laws of the specific state you want to visit. Generally, if you have moved up to an intermediate or provisional driver’s license, more states will likely let you drive there. Remember, even if the state you’re visiting allows driving with an out-of-state permit, you must still follow the permit’s restrictions.

Each State’s Driver License Requirements Explained

Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) programs vary widely from state to state, including the minimum driving age and stages of licensing. These programs help new drivers progress from supervised learning to full driving privileges through stages like a learner’s permit, an intermediate license allowing unsupervised driving in less risky conditions, and a full license.

For example, California requires a learner’s permit at age 15 and a half, with a mandatory 6-month holding period and 50 hours of supervised driving. In contrast, Texas issues permits at age 15, requires a 6-month holding period, and mandates 30 hours of supervised driving.

Driving with a learner’s permit from one state to another can be complex, as each state has its own rules. Some states accept out-of-state licenses, but others may have restrictions. Remember, regardless of where you drive, the limits of your home state still apply to your permit.

In the upcoming sections, we’ll provide detailed state-by-state information on accepting out-of-state learner’s permits and the conditions under which they are received. This will give you a clear understanding of navigating driving across state lines with a learner’s permit or provisional license. For accurate information, you can also visit each state Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) by clicking on the links provided before your trip.

can you drive out of state with a permit

Alabama

Alabama accepts valid out-of-state learner’s permits, allowing driving within the state. However, the restrictions imposed by the issuing state still apply. Drivers who have licenses from another state need someone with them who has a valid license and is at least 21 years old. And driving is typically restricted to daylight hours. Alabama also recognizes intermediate or provisional licenses, offering greater driving privileges under specific regulations.

Alaska

Like Alabama, Alaska accepts valid out-of-state learner’s permits, permitting holders to drive within the state. Permit holders must obey the same rules as they do in their home state. Alaska always requires learners to have a licensed driver who is 21 or older. For those with intermediate or provisional licenses, Alaska acknowledges these licenses, allowing more independent driving while following specific regulations.

Arizona

Arizona permits holders of out-of-state learner’s permits to drive within the state under the same restrictions as in their home state. The person with the permit needs someone with a valid driver’s license who is at least 21 years old to be with them. Arizona also acknowledges intermediate or provisional licenses, offering more driving freedom within specific guidelines for this license level.

Arkansas

In Arkansas, people with a valid out-of-state learner’s permit can drive within the state, but they must follow the restrictions from their home state. Learner permit holders in Arkansas must always have a licensed driver at least 21 years old. Arkansas also accepts intermediate or provisional licenses, which allow more independence with certain limitations.

California

California accepts valid out-of-state learner’s permits, allowing holders to drive within the state. However, they must adhere to the restrictions imposed by their home state. In California, learners must always have a licensed driver who is at least 25 years old supervising them. The state also acknowledges intermediate or provisional licenses, granting drivers more freedom while requiring adherence to specific rules.

Colorado

Colorado honors out-of-state learner’s permits and permits within the state. However, the permit holder must follow the rules from their home state. In Colorado, permit holders must always have a licensed driver at least 21 years old accompanying them. Colorado recognizes intermediate or provisional licenses and allows more driving freedom while still enforcing specific rules for this license level.

Connecticut

Connecticut accepts valid out-of-state learner’s permits for driving within the state, with restrictions similar to those of the home state. A learner’s permit holder in Connecticut must drive with a person who has a valid driver’s license and is at least 20 years old, four years without any suspensions in the past four years. Connecticut also acknowledges drivers with intermediate or provisional licenses, granting them additional privileges while maintaining specific regulations.

Delaware

Delaware accepts valid out-of-state learners’ permits for driving within the state, but the restrictions of the issuing state must be followed. Delaware also recognizes intermediate or provisional licenses, allowing more flexibility while enforcing specific rules linked to these license types.

District of Columbia

The District of Columbia accepts valid out-of-state learner’s permits and allows driving within its borders. In DC, a learner’s permit holder must always have a licensed driver at least 21 years old with them. The District of Columbia also acknowledges intermediate or provisional licenses, offering more flexibility while enforcing specific rules.

Florida

Florida recognizes valid out-of-state learner’s permits and permits for driving within Florida. However, the permit holder must follow the rules of their home state. In Florida, a learner’s permit holder must always have someone with a valid driver’s license and be at least 21 years old. Florida also acknowledges intermediate or provisional licenses, providing more extensive driving privileges while enforcing specific regulations.

Georgia

In Georgia, people with valid out-of-state learner’s permits can drive within the state but must follow their home state’s restrictions. Georgia mandates that learner’s permit holders must have someone at least 21 years old and a valid driver’s license with them. The state also acknowledges intermediate or provisional licenses, allowing more independence in driving while still enforcing specific regulations.

Hawaii

Hawaii accepts out-of-state learner’s permits, allowing holders to drive within the state. However, they must obey the restrictions of their home state. In Hawaii, learners must always have a licensed driver who is at least 21 years old with them. The state also accepts intermediate and provisional licenses, offering more driving freedom while enforcing specific rules.

Idaho

Idaho accepts valid out-of-state learner’s permits and allows driving within the state. However, permit holders must follow the restrictions from their home state. In Idaho, a learner’s permit holder must always have a licensed driver at least 21 years old with them. Idaho also recognizes intermediate or provisional licenses, which provide more driving freedoms while enforcing specific rules for this license level.

Illinois

Illinois accepts out-of-state learner’s permits, allowing holders to drive within the state. However, they must adhere to the restrictions set by their home state. If you have a learner’s permit in Illinois, you need someone at least 21 years old and a driver’s license for at least one year to be with you when you drive. The state also acknowledges intermediate or provisional licenses, granting greater driving freedoms while ensuring compliance with specific rules.

Indiana

You can use a valid out-of-state learner’s permit to drive within Indiana. However, you must follow the restrictions set by your home state. In Indiana, a learner’s permit holder must always be accompanied by a licensed driver at least 25 years old. Indiana also recognizes intermediate or provisional licenses, which provide more driving freedom while enforcing specific rules for these licenses.

Iowa

Iowa accepts out-of-state learner’s permits, allowing driving within the state. However, the permit holder must abide by the same restrictions as in their home state. In Iowa, a learner’s permit holder must always have a licensed driver at least 21 years old with them. Iowa also acknowledges intermediate or provisional licenses, offering more flexibility but with specific regulations to follow.

Kansas

In Kansas, people with a valid out-of-state learner’s permit can drive within the state but must obey their home state’s restrictions. Learners must always have a licensed driver at least 21 years old with them. Kansas also acknowledges intermediate or provisional licenses, which provide more driving freedom but have specific rules to follow.

Kentucky

Kentucky recognizes valid out-of-state learner’s permits and allows driving within the state. But you have to obey the rules of your home state. In Kentucky, if you have a learner’s permit, you always need a licensed driver who is at least 21 years old with you. Kentucky also accepts intermediate or provisional licenses, granting more driving privileges while enforcing specific rules.

Louisiana

Louisiana accepts valid out-of-state learners’learner’s permits, permitting driving in the state, but the permit holders must follow their home state’s rules. In Louisiana, a learner’s permit holder must always have someone at least 21 years old with a valid driver’s license. The state also recognizes intermediate or provisional licenses, providing drivers more freedom while enforcing specific rules according to their license level.

Maine

In Maine, an out-of-state learner’s permit is accepted, allowing driving within the state. However, the permit holder must obey their home state’s restrictions. When you drive in Maine with a learner’s permit, you need to have a licensed driver who is at least 20 years old and has held a driver’s license for at least two years with you all the time. Maine also recognizes intermediate or provisional licenses, offering more driving privileges while enforcing specific rules for these license types.

Maryland

Maryland accepts valid out-of-state learners’ permits, permitting driving in the state, but the permit holders must follow their home state’s rules. In Maryland, a learner’s permit holder must always have a licensed driver at least 21 years old with them. The state also acknowledges intermediate or provisional licenses, providing more driving privileges while enforcing specific rules for these permits.

Massachusetts

In Massachusetts, an out-of-state learner’s permit allows driving within the state. However, the permit holder must obey their home state’s restrictions. In Massachusetts, if you have a learner’s permit, you must always have a licensed driver who is at least 21 years old and has had their license for at least one year sitting in the passenger seat while you drive. The state also acknowledges intermediate and provisional licenses, giving holders more driving freedom while enforcing specific rules.

Michigan

Michigan accepts valid learner’s permits from other states, allowing driving within the state. However, the restrictions from the issuing state still apply. A licensed driver of at least 21 must always be in the vehicle with learner’s permit holders in Michigan. The state also accepts licenses that are not full but allow some driving privileges, providing more driving privileges but with specific restrictions.

Minnesota

Minnesota accepts valid learner’s permits from other states and allows driving within the state. However, drivers must follow the restrictions set by their home state. Minnesota requires anyone with a learner’s permit to always have a licensed driver at least 21 years old with them. The state also recognizes intermediate or provisional licenses, which allow more freedom to drive while still requiring adherence to specific rules.

Mississippi

Mississippi recognizes out-of-state learner’s permits, allowing holders to drive within the state. However, they must adhere to their home state’s restrictions. When driving in Mississippi, a learner’s permit holder must always have a licensed driver at least 21 years old. The state also acknowledges intermediate or provisional licenses, which grant more driving privileges but come with strict rules to follow.

Missouri

Missouri recognizes valid out-of-state learner’s permits, allowing driving within the state. However, the permit holder must obey their home state’s restrictions. When driving in Missouri with a learner’s permit, you must always have a licensed driver who is at least 21 years old with you. Missouri also acknowledges intermediate or provisional licenses, which provide more driving privileges but require strict adherence to specific rules.

Montana

Montana accepts valid out-of-state learner’s permits, allowing driving within the state. However, the driver needs to obey the rules of their home state. When driving with a learner’s permit in Montana, a licensed driver at least 21 must always accompany the permit holder. Montana also recognizes intermediate or provisional licenses, which offer more driving privileges but require adherence to specific rules associated with these license levels.

Nebraska

Nebraska recognizes valid out-of-state learners’ permits. You can drive in the state with a license but must obey your home state’s rules. In Nebraska, a learner’s permit holder must always have a licensed driver at least 21 years old with them. The state also acknowledges intermediate or provisional licenses, which grant additional driving privileges but have specific rules to follow.

Nevada

Nevada recognizes out-of-state learners’ permits and allows them to drive within the state. However, drivers must adhere to the restrictions from their home state. In Nevada, a learner’s permit holder must always have a licensed driver at least 21 years old with them. The state also acknowledges intermediate or provisional licenses, which offer additional driving privileges while enforcing specific rules linked to these licenses.

New Hampshire

New Hampshire recognizes valid learner’s permits from other states and allows driving within the state. However, drivers must follow the restrictions set by their home state. In New Hampshire, a learner’s permit holder must always have a licensed driver at least 25 years old with them while driving. The state also acknowledges intermediate or provisional licenses, with specific rules drivers must adhere to.

New Jersey

In New Jersey, you can legally use a valid learner’s permit from another state to drive here. But it would help if you stuck to your home state’s rules. When driving with a learner’s permit in New Jersey, you always need a driver who is at least 21 years old with you. New Jersey also allows intermediate or provisional licenses, which give more driving freedom but have their own strict rules.

New Mexico

New Mexico accepts valid out-of-state learner’s permits, allowing driving within the state. However, the holder must follow the restrictions from their home state. A licensed driver of at least 21 must always accompany the permit holder while driving. New Mexico also recognizes intermediate or provisional licenses, offering more freedom but enforcing specific rules for each type.

New York

New York accepts valid learner’s permits from other states, allowing holders to drive legally within the state. However, they must adhere to the driving restrictions set by their home state. A learner’s permit holder in New York must always have a licensed driver at least 21 years old. New York also recognizes intermediate or provisional licenses, which offer more driving privileges, but strict adherence to specific rules is required.

North Carolina

North Carolina accepts valid learner’s permits from other states, allowing holders to drive within the state. However, they must follow the driving restrictions imposed by their home state. When you drive in North Carolina with a learner’s permit, you must always have a licensed driver who is at least 21 years old with you. North Carolina also recognizes intermediate or provisional licenses, which offer additional driving privileges, but compliance with specific rules for these licenses is still required.

North Dakota

North Dakota recognizes valid out-of-state learner’s permits, allowing holders to drive within the state. However, they must follow the driving restrictions set by their home state. Someone at least 18 years old and with a driver’s license must be with learner’s permit holders when driving in North Dakota. The state also recognizes intermediate or temporary licenses, which allow more driving freedom but have specific rules that must be followed.

Ohio

In Ohio, you can use a learner’s permit from another state to drive here. But you still have to obey the rules of your home state. When driving in Ohio with a learner’s permit, the holder must always have a licensed driver at least 21 years old with them. Ohio also recognizes intermediate or provisional licenses, which grant more driving privileges while enforcing specific rules for each license type.

Oklahoma

In Oklahoma, learner’s permits from other states are accepted, allowing driving within the state. However, you must follow the restrictions from your home state. When driving in Oklahoma with a learner’s permit, you must always have a licensed driver who is at least 21 years old with you. Oklahoma also recognizes intermediate or provisional licenses, which give more driving freedoms while still requiring adherence to specific rules for these licenses.

Oregon

Oregon accepts out-of-state learner’s permits, allowing driving within the state. However, you must follow the restrictions of your home state. When driving in Oregon with a learner’s permit, you must always have a licensed driver who is at least 21 years old with you. Oregon also recognizes intermediate or provisional licenses, which grant more driving privileges while still requiring adherence to specific rules for each license type.

Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania accepts learner’s permits from other states, allowing driving within the state. However, you must follow the restrictions of your home state. When you drive in Pennsylvania with a learner’s permit, you need a licensed driver who’s at least 21 with you. Pennsylvania also accepts provisional licenses, which offer more driving freedom but have strict rules for each type.

Rhode Island

Rhode Island accepts learner’s permits from other states, allowing holders to drive within the state legally. However, you must follow the restrictions of your home state. When you drive in Rhode Island with a learner’s permit, you must always have a licensed driver who is at least 21 years old with you. The state also accepts intermediate or provisional licenses, which give more driving privileges but require strict compliance with associated rules.

South Carolina

You can use a learner’s permit from another state to drive here in South Carolina. But you have to follow the rules of your home state. When you drive in South Carolina with a learner’s permit, you always need a licensed driver who’s at least 21 years old with you. South Carolina also acknowledges intermediate or provisional licenses, which give more driving privileges but require following specific rules for each license type.

South Dakota

In South Dakota, an out-of-state learner’s permit is valid for driving. In South Dakota, if you have a learner’s permit from another state, you must follow your home state’s rules. When driving with this permit in South Dakota, you always need an 18-year-old licensed driver. South Dakota also recognizes intermediate or provisional licenses, which provide more driving freedoms but require adherence to specific rules associated with these licenses.

Tennessee

In Tennessee, out-of-state learner’s permits are accepted, allowing driving within the state. However, you must strictly follow the restrictions from your home state. When driving in Tennessee with a learner’s permit, you must always have a licensed driver who is at least 21 years old with you. Tennessee also recognizes intermediate or provisional licenses, which give you more driving privileges but require you to follow specific rules associated with these licenses.

Texas

In Texas, learner’s permits from other states are accepted, allowing holders to drive within the state. However, you must follow the restrictions set by your home state. When driving in Texas with a learner’s permit, you must always have a licensed driver who is at least 21 years old with you. Texas also acknowledges intermediate or provisional licenses, which give you more driving privileges but require you to follow specific rules associated with these licenses.

Utah

In Utah, learner’s permits from other states are accepted, allowing holders to drive within the state. However, you must follow the restrictions set by your home state. When driving in Utah with a learner’s permit, you must always have a licensed driver who is at least 21 years old with you. Utah also recognizes intermediate or provisional licenses, which give you more driving privileges but require you to adhere to specific rules associated with each license type.

Vermont

In Vermont, an out-of-state learner’s permit is valid for driving. However, you must follow the restrictions set by your home state. When driving in Vermont with a learner’s permit, you must always have a licensed driver who is at least 25 years old with you. Vermont also accepts intermediate or provisional licenses, which give you more freedom but still require you to follow specific rules.

Virginia

In Virginia, an out-of-state learner’s permit allows driving within the state. However, you must adhere to the restrictions of your home state. When driving in Virginia with a learner’s permit, you need a licensed driver at least 21 years old. Virginia also accepts intermediate or provisional licenses, which offer more driving privileges while requiring you to follow specific rules for each license type.

Washington

In Washington, you can drive within the state with a valid out-of-state learner’s permit. However, you must follow the restrictions from your home state. When driving in Washington with a learner’s permit, you must always have a licensed driver who is at least 21 years old with you. Washington also acknowledges intermediate and provisional licenses, which give you more driving freedoms but come with specific rules for each type of license that you must follow.

West Virginia

In West Virginia, you can drive within the state if you have a valid learner’s permit from another state. However, you must follow the restrictions set by your home state. When driving in West Virginia with a learner’s permit, you must always have a licensed driver who is at least 21 years old with you. West Virginia also acknowledges intermediate or provisional licenses, which give you more driving privileges but come with specific rules for each type of license that you must follow.

Wisconsin

In Wisconsin, if you have a valid learner’s permit from another state, you can drive within Wisconsin. However, you must follow the restrictions from your home state. When driving in Wisconsin with a learner’s permit, you must always have a licensed driver who is at least 21 years old with you. Wisconsin also acknowledges intermediate or provisional licenses, which offer more driving freedoms but require compliance with specific rules for each license type.

Wyoming

In Wyoming, you can drive within the state using a valid learner’s permit from another state. However, you must obey the restrictions set by your home state. If you’re driving with a learner’s permit in Wyoming, you must have a licensed driver over 21 years old. Wyoming also acknowledges intermediate or provisional licenses, which provide more driving privileges, but you must still follow particular rules depending on your license type.

Vacation vs. Moving to a New State

Vacationing in a New State

If you’re on vacation and have a valid learning permit, a middle-level license, or a temporary license, your home state’s laws typically apply. However, you must also follow the specific age and accompanying driver requirements of the state you’re visiting.

Moving to a New State

If you move to a new state permanently, you must trade your current permit or license for one from the new state within 30 to 90 days. Depending on the DMV rules in your new state, this might involve retaking tests. Always check with your new state’s DMV to understand the exact steps and requirements.

International Learner’s Permits

International learner’s permits are handled differently depending on the state you visit in the United States. Each state has its own rules for recognizing international learner’s permits. Some states might let you use them, so you can drive within the state if you follow the laws of your home country. However, in many states, international visitors need to get a local learner’s permit or a full driver’s license before they can drive.

For those holding an intermediate or provisional license from another country, the recognition and driving privileges granted vary based on each state’s specific regulations. You should check the DMV website of the state you intend to visit for accurate and detailed information.

Understanding Learner’s and Provisional Licenses Across States

Different states in the U.S. have different rules about accepting learner’s, intermediate, and provisional licenses from other states. While most states recognize out-of-state permits, they require drivers to follow the rules set by the state that issued them. Typically, this means that the person with the license must have a licensed driver who is at least 18 years old, though in many cases, the accompanying driver must be over 21 or as old as 25.

International learner’s permits are treated differently, and their acceptance varies widely. Drivers are strongly advised to check with the DMV in the state they plan to go to for the most accurate current information. Driving across states with a learner’s or provisional license is possible but involves understanding and adhering to specific rules and limitations.